Although I like sleeping in a tent, schlepping sleeping gear back and forth and waiting for the tent and ground cloths to dry off on wet mornings gets old, so I’ve been thinking about getting a camper van. But I love my 1999 CR-V, and after watching some videos of people who had managed to live out of their Toyota Prius’ (or Subaru Outbacks) for months at a time, I decided to try to see what I could do with the CR-V. The car is AWD, will go almost anywhere, and still averages 30 mpg. It runs great and still has a lot of life left, so modifying it seemed worth the effort.
I often camp in dispersed sites, and I’m a photographer and sound recordist, so I carry a bit of gear with me. My 60-lb dog also takes up quite a bit of room. The seats on the CR-V do not fold down flat, and only leave about 5 feet of not-quite level sleeping room. I’ve slept in the back before, with the seats folded down, and could barely fit my 5’6” on the diagonal, and it wasn’t very comfortable. Scouring the internet, I learned that others had made their CR-Vs more livable either by building a platform over the top of the folded up back seats, or by removing the seats and building a platform. I wanted to maximize storage space for my gear, so I pulled the seats out. I use the table that comes with the car on occasion, so I left the carpeting that covers the back cargo area.
I also wanted to maximize headroom, as I know from having had a variety of small pickups with toppers, that it is much easier to change clothes if you can sit up straight. The cargo area has just enough headroom for me to sit up straight and barely brush the headliner with the top of my head. So I opted for a platform of the same height as the back of the car, in other words, I only built a frame for the area where the seats were. The frame is built from 2x3s and 2x2s.
I then attached 5/8 plywood to the frame, in 4 pieces. One piece covered the backend of the car – over the table in back so that I could remove the table and still have a flat, solid surface. The board is hinged to the front panel, so I can lift it up to access the table and the storage area under the table. The other pieces went over the framework, and included two hinged doors for access to the where the seats and foot wells were.
I then added carpet padding and a carpet remnant to the top of the platform.
One big disadvantage of this setup is that to remove it, you have to remove the carpeting and padding, unscrew the platform from the frame, possibly unscrew the piano hinge for the board covering the table, and remove it all in pieces. To remove it and reinstall the seats is probably several hours of work.
My dog used to ride in a hammock which covered the back seat. With no seat now, I learned quickly that stuff slides around a lot, and a quick stop means all the gear slides forward. So I put together a cargo net to keep the gear in the very back, and keep the dog closer to the front. It anchors to gear ties on the bottom (built in to the car) and to the top of the seat belt anchors. I also sewed up some curtains and attached them to the windows with Velcro (we’ll see if it holds). I made screen sleeves to cover the windows, and made a small tent to cover the back window, which will allow me to leave it open in a light rain and have good ventilation. The tent is nylon, with mosquito netting to cover the window opening. It attaches by bungees and magnets. I use the dog hammock to cover my bedding when we are traveling, in case the dog wants to go swimming or play in the mud. At night I can stretch it over the front seats for additional privacy.
I’ve spent a few nights in the new camper, and it is very comfortable. It is much easier to get in and out of than a truck topper, and the back of the front passenger seat forms a nice backrest. The cost for the framework, plywood, and carpet materials was about $50; material for the tent, screens, cargo net, and other add-ons brought the cost to about $150.
The conversion did require me to cut back on some of my gear. I often camp in bear country, so I want to make sure any gear with food smells (stove, cooking gear, cooler, food containers) can fit in the car when it’s in camper mode. I tried to go from my two-burner Coleman propane stove to a one-burner butane stove, but I discovered that a butane stove doesn’t work very well in the wind, even with a windshield, so I went back to the two-burner. I reduced my cook kit by splurging on a collapsible tea kettle to heat water and a collapsible pot. The cook kit, food, and stove can fit in the front seats at night, and there’s room for the cooler by my feet. I would have had more storage space if I had raised the platform, but I really like the headroom. I’m still trying to optimize space use, but I’ll get there. I’m planning on doing a lot of camping this summer, so the camper (CRamper? Vamper?) will get a good workout.
Update September 28, 2016:
I spent 24 days sleeping in the car over the summer, including a 2 week trip from Carson City to Glacier National Park and back to Tucson. The camper performed very well, and kept me warm and dry in spite of some very wet weather in Montana. It was a bit cramped at times, but I think this set up would work very well in a larger SUV.